As evidenced by the name, faculty in the Department of Natural Resources and the Environment (NRE) focus on management and conservation of our planet’s limited natural resources, including earth’s water and climate system, air quality, forests, fisheries and wildlife resources.
“Our departmental research mission statement is to contribute to the solution of environmental problems, to increase understanding of natural resources systems and to enhance the wise and sustainable management of these resources,” says Jason Vokoun, associate professor and interim department head.
In addition to offering undergraduate and graduate science degrees in natural resources, the department participates in the multidisciplinary, multi-departmental environmental science and environmental studies degrees. “Our department is heavily invested in these majors, and our course offerings feature prominently,” Vokoun notes. He also serves as the current director for the environmental science major.
The undergraduate natural resources major includes four concentrations: environmental sustainability and conservation; fisheries and wildlife conservation; sustainable forest resources; and water resources and climate. Students in this major build depth through choosing from the concentrations, which are aligned with career fields.
“The graduate programs are dominated by research-intensive education, so with the help of their graduate committee professors, students develop a study plan tailored to their research project and professional interests,” says Vokoun. “For many of these science-based career ladders, graduate school raises the ceiling. To move up the ladder you have to advance your education, which typically means getting a master’s degree.”
NRE graduates tend to find employment in one of three major areas. The largest number work for state and federal environmental agencies such as the United States Forest Service, United States Fish and Wildlife Service, United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the state counterparts of these agencies, such as the Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (CT DEEP). The second major area of employment for NRE graduates is environmental non-governmental organizations, ranging from smaller local land trusts and watershed groups to global organizations like The Natural Conservancy, National Audubon Society, Trout Unlimited and World Wildlife Fund.
The third area of graduate placement is with environmental consulting firms. Says Vokoun, “These firms help private businesses comply with environmental regulations, and our graduates are often the ones collecting the data needed to understand the potential impacts of changes in a business’ activities.”
Employment opportunities in natural resources are steady, as the field is considered to be hiring at a replacement level. “Our students do really well, particularly if they can be mobile and move to the job opportunities,” Vokoun says. “Because of this, we have alumni working all over North America. The natural resources and environmental issues we address are constantly changing, but there will always be a need for people in the field.”
Currently research in the department is funded by more than $12 million in extramural grants. Major areas of research are water and wetlands; forestry and forested ecosystems; fisheries and wildlife conservation; and geospatial technologies and remote sensing of the environment. And, while environmental research starts in the field, technology is playing a larger role. Many projects now rely on camera traps or aerial sensors to assist with gathering data.
Current studies include:
- A National Science Foundation (NSF) funded project based on the Natural Resources Conservation Academy, designed to advance informal STEM learning, led by former department head, Vice Provost for Academic Affairs John Volin.
- Another NSF-funded study, this one multi-institution, to determine how stream warming affects ecosystems by artificially heating sections of streams. Assistant Professor Ashley Helton is the UConn lead investigator.
- A partnership project funded by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) to trace E. coli contamination sources in surface waters led by Professor John Clausen.
- An EPA/Long Island Sound Study-funded project examining effects of sea level rise on coastal marsh vegetation and ecosystem services, led by Assistant Professor Beth Lawrence.
- A CT DEEP Wildlife Division-funded project to survey people’s attitudes about black bears, led by Assistant Professor Anita Morzillo.
“I think the bear study is going to be instrumental for our state to determine our next steps for black bear management,” says Vokoun. “Dr. Morzillo and her team will provide a baseline understanding of how people feel about certain options and how they feel about sharing habitat with bears.”
Many of the department’s outreach projects involve partnerships with UConn Extension.
The award-winning Center for Land Use Education and Research (CLEAR) was formed as a partnership between NRE and Cooperative Extension. “We also have a strong partnership with Extension related to forestry,” Vokoun explains. “The CT Extension Forestry Program is a large focus for our department. One of the major ways we interact with land owners is by assisting them with forest management planning. And we collaboratively manage the lands of the UConn Forest, which is an important demonstration site and outdoor classroom for many of these activities.”
The Stormwise program is another collaboration between NRE, Extension and the Eversource Energy Center. The program was designed to help communities determine how to handle the forest/road/power line interface through alternative forest management practices and proper tree selection and placement. There are demonstration sites around the state, including the UConn Forest in Storrs.
The Natural Resources Conservation Academy (NRCA), established by Volin, is the primary means by which NRE provides environmental education to high school-aged youth. The base programming involves a ten-month program during which students come to campus for a week-long summer field experience to learn field work skills, including the use of geospatial technology to collect environmental data, then perform an individual community conservation project near their home. NRCA also offers short workshops for students, adults and teachers. The program is now a partnership of NRE, CLEAR and UConn’s Center for Environmental Sciences and Engineering, with generous support from several private donors through the UConn Foundation.
While the department’s areas of focus may appear separate and distinct, they share major themes. Says Vokoun, “So many of our department activities are designed to address our heavily populated and heavily forested region, in which people now live intertwined with an abundance of nature. The distinct rural-urban divide is disappearing in the Northeast, and so our focus has shifted toward the emerging exurban landscape. It’s exciting, but it comes with its own challenging issues, like pervasive road salting and the accompanying changes to water chemistry, black bears interacting with people on a regular basis and forests owned by many more landowners, each owning less than was the case in the not-too-distant past.”
Vokoun concludes, “I predict the coming decade for NRE will be one in which we continue to research and provide decision makers with increased understanding of the rapidly changing environment, including the integration of the human presence in our ecosystems and the role of society in both driving and responding to these changes.”
“To that end, the department recently launched an online graduate certificate in Sustainable Environmental Planning and Management, designed to help students advance their abilities in the natural resources field to be relevant to the modern environmental reality.”